Understanding Socioeconomic Conditions of Rural Households
AbstractReflections of Indian economy expose paradoxical nature of Indian democracy. Rapid and steady growth with adverse socio-economic conditions has become an important attribute of Indian economy. A review of recently released Socio-Economic and Caste Census 2011 (SECC 2011) presents harsh realities of socio-economic conditions of the rural households. With an aim to understand socio-economic conditions of Empowered Actions Group of States (EAGS), this article, using SECC 2011, attempts to examine variations among States on the basis of income slab, income source and irrigated land ownership. Results suggest that a large number of EAGS households are engaged in subsistence work like manual casual labour and cultivation. SC households of rural India and particularly Bihar among EAG States are major social group relying greatly on subsistence wage labour. Severe lack of irrigated land ownership among SC/ST households leads them to engage in subsistence work and result is low income and social exclusion. Significance of SECC 2011 lies in the fact that it has reminded and reproduced an opportunity to rethink development strategies to ensure social justice in the country.
Alkire S, S Seth (2013), â€œIdentifying BPL Households: A Comparison of Methodsâ€, Economic & Political Weekly, 48(2), pp.49-57.
Bhagat, R B (2013), â€œConditions of SC/ST Households: A Story of Unequal Improvementâ€, Economic & Political Weekly, 48(41), pp.62-66.
Dreze, J and R Khera (2015), â€œUnderstanding Leakages in the Public Distribution System,â€ Economic & Political Weekly, 50(7), pp.39-42.
Indira Gandhi Institute of Development Research (2015), â€œIndia Development Report 2015â€, (New Delhi, Oxford University Press).
Mahamalik, S and G B Sahu (2011), â€œIdentification of the Poor: Errors of Exclusion and Inclusionâ€, Economic & Political Weekly, 46(9), pp.71-77.
Maiorano, D (2014), â€œContinuity aid Change in India`s Political Economy from 1980 to 2004â€, Economic & Political Weekly, 49(9), pp.44-54.
Ministry of Finance (2015), â€œEconomic Survey 2014-15â€, Government of India, New Delhi.
Planning Commission (2011), â€œIndia Human Development Report 2011: Towards Social Inclusionâ€, (New Delhi, Oxford University Press).
Planning Commission (2014), â€œReport of the Expert Group to Review the Methodology for Measurement of Povertyâ€, (New Delhi, Government of India).
Radhakrishna R, C. Ravi and S. Reddy (2010), â€œCan We Really Measure and Identify the Poor When Poverty Encompasses Multiple Deprivationsâ€, Indian Journal of Human Development, 4(2), pp.282-300.
Saxena, N C (2015), â€œSocio-Economic Caste Census: Has It Ignored Too Many Poor Householdsâ€, Economic & Political Weekly, 50(30), pp.14-17.
World Bank (2015), http://www.worldbank.org/en/country/india.