Population Growth and Food Security in Eastern Uttar Pradesh: A Correlative Analysis
Keywords:Food Security, Population Growth, Eastern Uttar Pradesh, Food Availability, Food Utilisation
Food security is one of the most heated and debated topics in the contemporary world. The concept of food security basically stands on four pillars namely, food availability, food stability, food accessibility and food utilisation. Present study analyses the condition of food security in Eastern Uttar Pradesh because Central and Western Uttar Pradesh are agriculturally and industrially more developed than Eastern Uttar Pradesh. Thus, its condition with respect to various dimensions of food security, i.e., food availability, food stability, food accessibility and food utilisation has been examined here incorporating the dimensions of population growth and population pressure. Only one district of the study area namely, Pratapgarh, is experiencing high food security. Four districts are experiencing low food security. Twenty two districts are experiencing moderate food security and a slight fluctuation in the variables of food availability, food stability, food accessibility and food utilisation, in a negative direction would make these districts a low food secure region. Only one district - Pratapgarh -is having high food security and moderate population pressure and two districts of Sant Kabir Nagar and Sant Ravidas Nagar are having low food security and low population pressure. Further, Pratapgarh district is having high food security and moderate population growth, and Shrawasti district is having low food security and low population pressure.
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