Open Access Open Access  Restricted Access Subscription Access
Total views : 168

Impact of Dyeing Industrial Pollution on Farm Income and Production in Tiruppur District of Tamil Nadu

Affiliations

  • Avinashilingam Institute for Home Science and Higher Education for Women, Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu, India

Abstract


India targeted to achieve 3-4 per cent growth per annum in agricultural sector and to produce 400 million tonnes of foodgrains by 2020. To achieve this target the strategies of the green revolution are not valid. The high usage of fertilisers and chemicals did not increase the productivity of agriculture. They had caused environmental degradation. Hence, there is a need to identify new strategies to achieve the goals. Environmental degradation is one of the most pronounced problems in agriculture. The industrial pollution is a major cause of environmental degradation. The growing industries had aggravated the problems of environmental degradation in agriculture.

Hence, the policies which promote sustainable agriculture, in terms of food security, rural employment and environmentally sustainable technologies are needed. The findings of the study showed that all the farmers (cent per cent) had responded that the dumping of industrial waste was the major cause of industrial pollution in agriculture. The quality of land was completely eroded and the crops were burnt due to dyeing industrial pollution. It was not able to use for drinking water of the farmers and livestock. If one additional farmer had cultivated in an area polluted industries, the farm income had reduced to the extent of ` 3, 24, 644.196. Moreover, the farmers in polluted area were not able to allocate farm inputs more efficiently. Hence less technical efficiency was observed in the production function of polluted area.


Full Text:

 |  (PDF views: 0)

References


  • Aragon and Poblo Rud (2012), “Mining, Pollution and Agricultural Productivity: Evidence from Ghana,” pp. 1-59.
  • Chakrabarty (2011), “Agricultural Productivity – Issues and Way Forward,” Annual Report 2011.www.rbi.org
  • Dhurjati Mukherjee (2012), “Agriculture and Climate Change”, Kurukshetra, June, Vol.60, No.8, pp. 18-21.
  • Government of India, (2012), “State of Indian Agriculture Report 2011-12”, Ministry of Agriculture, New Delhi.
  • Maharajan, K and Kirubakaran Samual (2011), “Impact of Environmental Pollution on Health.”
  • Priya (2013), “Impact of Industrial Pollution on Agriculture in Coimbatore District,” Unpublished M. Phil Thesis, Department of Economics, Avinashilingam Institute for Home Science and Higher Education for Women University.
  • Ram, Naresh (2011), “Ground Water Pollution due to Overuse of Nitrogenous Fertilizers,” Financing Agriculture, December, Vol.43, No: 12, pp. 24-25.
  • Reserve Bank of India(2013), “Handbook of Indian Economy,” www.rbi.org/publications
  • Sambasivam, K and Abdulraheem, A (2012), “Climate Change Impacts on Agriculture Sector.”
  • Shabir Ahmad, Padder (2013), “Climate Change – Impact on Agriculture”, Kurukshetra, June, 2013.
  • Shivkumar Biradar (2012), “Environmental Challenges & Issues of Indian Agriculture,” Kurukshetra, June, Vol.60, No.8, pp. 30-34.
  • Sivasankaraiah M, Thulasi Naik and Dasaratharamaiah (2008), “Environmental Pollution: Effects, Causes and Concerns”, Southern Economist, June, Vol.47, No.3, pp. 13-16.
  • —————————-”Sociological Study in Tuticorin Industrial Town, TN, India” Journal of Ecobiotechnology, October, Vol. 2 No.2, pp. 51-56.
  • —————————”Some Evidences”, Radix International Journal of Research in Social Science, October, Vol. 1 No.10, pp. 1-14.
  • Taylor, G and Shonkwiler, J (1986), “Alternative Stochastic Specifications of the Frontier Production Function in the Analysis of Agricultural Credit Programs and Technical Efficiency”, Journal of Development Economics, Vol.21, Issue.1, pp.149-160.

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.