Impact of Dyeing Industrial Pollution on Farm Income and Production in Tiruppur District of Tamil Nadu
India targeted to achieve 3-4 per cent growth per annum in agricultural sector and to produce 400 million tonnes of foodgrains by 2020. To achieve this target the strategies of the green revolution are not valid. The high usage of fertilisers and chemicals did not increase the productivity of agriculture. They had caused environmental degradation. Hence, there is a need to identify new strategies to achieve the goals. Environmental degradation is one of the most pronounced problems in agriculture. The industrial pollution is a major cause of environmental degradation. The growing industries had aggravated the problems of environmental degradation in agriculture.
Hence, the policies which promote sustainable agriculture, in terms of food security, rural employment and environmentally sustainable technologies are needed. The findings of the study showed that all the farmers (cent per cent) had responded that the dumping of industrial waste was the major cause of industrial pollution in agriculture. The quality of land was completely eroded and the crops were burnt due to dyeing industrial pollution. It was not able to use for drinking water of the farmers and livestock. If one additional farmer had cultivated in an area polluted industries, the farm income had reduced to the extent of ` 3, 24, 644.196. Moreover, the farmers in polluted area were not able to allocate farm inputs more efficiently. Hence less technical efficiency was observed in the production function of polluted area.
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