Open Access Subscription AccessTotal views : 139
Economics of Drip Method of Irrigation in Red Chilli Crop Cultivation:An Empirical Study from Tamil Nadu
Considering the fast decline of irrigation potential and increased demand for water from different sectors, many initiatives have been introduced to conserve the scarce water resources in India. One of the methods introduced to save water consumption in agriculture was drip method of irrigation (DMI). It allows the farmers to cultivate the crops without moisture stress even under water scarcity conditions and therefore, DMI is also considered as an useful method for increasing the productivity of crops. Most of the earlier studies have analysed the economics of DMI by taking high value crops such as banana, sugarcane, grapes, etc., which are mostly cultivated by the resourceful farmers. DMI is also highly suitable for vegetable crops, such as red chilli, that are mostly cultivated by small landholders. However, detailed studies are seldom available on this crop using farm level data especially in the Indian context. An attempt is made in this study to fill this gap using farm level data collected from Sivagangai district of Tamil Nadu State. This study shows that farmers can save about 43 per cent of water and increase productivity of red chilli by 39 per cent by adopting drip method of irrigation over the same crop cultivated under conventional flood method of irrigation. The profitability of chilli cultivating farmers under drip method of irrigation is about 205 per cent more than the non-drip adopters. Both NPV and BCR, estimated using the discounted cash flow analysis, show that the drip investment in red chilli cultivation is economically viable even without State's subsidy.
- Amarasinghe, U.A., and V. Smakhtin (2014), “Global Water Demand Projections: Past, Present and Future,” Research Report 156, International Water Management Institute, Colombo, Sri Lanka.
- CACP (2005), “Report of the Commission for Agricultural Costs and Prices,” Ministry of Agriculture, Government of India, New Delhi.
- CWC (2010), “Water and Related Statistics,” Central Water Commission, Ministry of Water Resources, Government of India, New Delhi.
- Dhawan, B. D (2002), “Technological Change in Indian Irrigated Agriculture: A Study of Water Saving Methods,” Commonwealth Publishers, New Delhi.
- FICCI (2013), “Sustainable Agriculture: Water Management,” Federation of Indian Chambers of Commerce and Industry, New Delhi.
- Gittinger J, Price (1984), “Economic Analysis of Agricultural Projects,” Second Edition, The Johns Hopkins University Press, London.
- GoI (2004), “Report of Task Force on Micro Irrigation (Chairman: N. Chandrababu Naidu),” Ministry of Agriculture, Government of India, New Delhi, January.
- GoI (2014), “Indian Agricultural Statistics,” Directorate of Economics and Statistics, Ministry of Agriculture, New Delhi.
- GoTN (2012), “Revised Budget Speech for 2011-12 by the Finance Minister of Tamil Nadu,” Government of Tamil Nadu, Chennai.
- GoTN (2014), “Vision Tamil Nadu 2023,” Government of Tamil Nadu, Chennai.
- INCID (1994), “Drip Irrigation in India,” Indian National Committee on Irrigation and Drainage, New Delhi.
- MoWR (1999), “Report of the Working Group on Water Availability for Use,” National Commission for Integrated Water Resources Development Plan, Ministry of Water Resources, Government of India, New Delhi.
- MoWR (2006), “Report of Sub-Committee on More Crop and Income Per Drop of Water (Chairman: M.S. Swaminathan),” Ministry of Water Resources, Government of India, New Delhi.
- Narayanamoorthy, A (1996), “Evaluation of Drip Irrigation System in Maharashtra,” Mimeograph Series No. 42, Agro-Economic Research Centre, Gokhale Institute of Politics and Economics, Pune, Maharashtra.
- Narayanamoorthy, A (1997), “Economic Viability of Drip Irrigation: An Empirical Analysis from Maharashtra”, Indian Journal of Agricultural Economics, Vol. 52, No.4, OctoberDecember, pp.728-739.
- Narayanamoorthy, A (2003), “Averting Water Crisis by Drip Method of Irrigation: A Study of Two Water-Intensive Crops”, Indian Journal of Agricultural Economics, Vol. 58, No. 3, JulySeptember, pp. 427-437.
- Narayanamoorthy, A (2004), “Drip Irrigation in India: Can it Solve Water Scarcity?”, Water Policy, Vol. 6, No.2, pp. 117-130.
- Narayanamoorthy, A. (2004a), “Impact Assessment of Drip Irrigation in India: The Case of Sugarcane”, Development Policy Review, Vol.22, No.4, pp. 443-462.
- (2005), “Efficiency of Irrigation: A Case of Drip Irrigation,” Occasional Paper: 45, Department of Economic Analysis and Research, National Bank for Agriculture and Rural Development, Mumbai, India.
- (2005a), “Economics of Drip Irrigation in Sugarcane Cultivation: Case Study of a Farmer from Tamil Nadu”, Indian Journal of Agricultural Economics, Vol. 60, No. 2, April-June, pp. 235-248.
- (2009), “Water Saving Technologies as a Demand Management Option: Potentials, Problems and Prospects”, in R.M. Saleth (Ed.) ‘Promoting Irrigation Demand Management in India: Potentials, Problems and Prospects,’ International Water Management Institute, Colombo, Sri Lanka.
- Namara, R. E; Upadhyay, B; Nagar, R. K (2005), “Adoption and Impacts of Micro Irrigation Technologies: Empirical Results from Selected Localities of Maharashtra and Gujarat States of India,” Research Report 93, International Water Management Institute Colombo, Sri Lanka.
- NCPA (1990), “Status, Potential and Approach for Adoption of Drip and Sprinkler Irrigation Systems,” National Committee on the Use of Plastics in Agriculture, Pune, India.
- NHB (2014), “Indian Horticulture Data Base: 2014,” National Horticulture Board (NHB), Ministry of Agriculture, Government of India, Gurgaon, India.
- Postal, S; Polak, P; Gonzales, F; Keller, J (2001), “Drip Irrigation for Small Farmers: A New Initiative to Alleviate Hunger and Poverty”, Water International, Vol. 26, No. 1.
- Shah, T (1993), “Groundwater Markets and Irrigation Development: Political Economy and Practical Policy,” Oxford University Press, New Delhi.
- Shah, T and Keller, J (2014), “Micro Irrigation Potential in the Developing Countries,” in Goyal, M.R. (Ed.,), ‘Sustainable Micro Irrigation: Principles and Practices,’ CRC Press, USA and Apple Academic Press, Oakville, Canada.
- Shreshta, R.B. and Gopalakrishnan, C (1993), “Adoption and Diffusion of Drip Irrigation Technology: An Econometric Analysis”, Economic Development and Cultural Change, Vol.41, No.2, January, pp.407-418.
- Vanitha, S.M.; Chaurasia, S.N.S.; Singh, P.M and Naik, P.S. (2013), “Vegetable Statistics,” Technical Bulletin No. 51, Indian Institute of Vegetable Research, Varanasi, India.
- There are currently no refbacks.