Crop Diversification in West Bengal:A District Level Analysis for the Period 1980-81 to 2011-12
AbstractThis paper examines the dynamics of crop diversification in the pre and postliberalisation period addressing questions on the nature and scope of crop diversification in a small farm dominated economy like West Bengal and the factors influencing it. The analysis reflects the positive impact of operational area and cropping intensity on the degree of crop diversification. In contrast, factors like availability of irrigational facilities, degree of electrification, usage of fertilisers and price of output have a negative influence on the same in a particular region. Besides, a significant inter-district variation in the degree of crop diversification is noticed during the period under consideration. The study points out that a high level of diversification in an area does not essentially correspond to the district having a traditional resource base or a high endowment of modern inputs.
Bhattacharya M, Bhattacharya S (2007), â€œAgrarian Impasse in West Bengal in the Liberalisation Eraâ€, Economic and Political Weekly, Vol. 52, (No. 42).
Chakrabarti S, Kundu A (2009), â€œRural Non-farm Economy: A Note on the Impact of Crop-Diversification and Land-Conversion in Indiaâ€, Economic and Political Weekly, Vol. XLIV, (No. 12), pp. 69-75.
Chand R (1996), â€œDiversification through High Value Crops in Western Himalayan Region-Evidence from Himachal Pradeshâ€, Indian Journal of Agricultural Economics, Vol. 51, (No. 4), pp. 652-663.
Government of West Bengal, â€œCost of Production of Principal Crops in West Bengal, Evaluation Wing, Directorate of Agriculture, (various issues).
Dev S M, Rao N C (2005),â€œFood Processing and Contract Farming in Andhra Pradesh: A Small Farmer Perspectiveâ€, Economic and Political Weekly, Vol. XL, (No. 26), pp. 2705- 2713.
District Statistical Handbook, Published by the â€œBUREAUâ€, (various issues).
Gulati A, Bathla S (2001), â€œCapital Formation in Indian Agricultureâ€, Economic and Political Weekly, Vol. 36, (No. 20).
Joshi P K, Gulati Ashok, Birthal S P, and TewariL (2004), â€œAgricultural Diversification in South Asia: Patterns, Determinants and Policy Implicationâ€, Economic and Political Weekly, Vol. 39, (No. 24), pp. 2457-2467.
Karmakar AK and Mukhopadhyay S(2007), â€œA Review of the West Bengal Economy with Reference to Agricultureâ€ in Sen RK, Dasgupta A (ed.)â€˜West Bengal Today 25 Years of Economic Developmentâ€™.
Mukherjee A (2015), â€œEvaluation of the Policy of Crop Diversification as a Strategy for Reduction of Rural Poverty in Indiaâ€, In Heshmati A et al (eds.) â€˜Poverty Reduction Policies and Practices in Developing Asiaâ€™, Economic Studies in Inequality, Social Exclusion and Well- Being.
Mukherjee S (2010), â€œA Study of Crop Dynamics and Diversification in West Bengal over 1980-81 to 200405â€, The IUP Journal of Agricultural Economics, Vol. VII, (No. 3), pp. 51-74.
Rao P P, Birthal PS and Joshi PK (2006), â€œDiversification towards High Value Agriculture: Role of Urbanization and Infrastructureâ€, Economic and Political Weekly, Vol.41(No. 26), pp. 2747-2753.
Singh J and Sidhu RS (2004), â€œFactors in Declining Crop Diversification: A Case Study of Punjabâ€, Economic and Political Weekly, Vol. 39, (No. 52), pp. 5607-5610.
Government of West Bengal,Statistical Abstracts, Published by the Bureau of Applied Economics and Statistics (various issues).
The World Bank (2005), â€œIndia Re- Energizing the Agricultural Sector to Sustain Growth and Reduce Povertyâ€, OUP (India) Publications.