Involving Women in Farm Mechanisation for Improving Livelihoods of Farmers in Odisha


  • Bongurala Gangadhar Consultant with the Odisha Livelihoods Mission, Department of Panchayati Raj and Drinking Water, Government of Odisha



Asset Creation, Entrepreneurship, Farm Equipment, Income Generation, Tribal Livelihoods, Small and Marginal Farmers, Sustainable Agriculture.


According to the Odisha Economic Survey 2016-17, marginal and small farmers constitute 92 per cent of the total land holdings in the State. This proportion of the farming population is not fully able to access the improved package of practices for agricultural production, livestock management and animal husbandry. The distress of the farming community has been addressed by an innovative idea of involving women for the management and operationalisation of Common Facility Centres (CFC) for farm mechanisation. To accomplish the requirement of the stakeholders, first, all the farmers at Gram Panchayats gets access to farm equipment which is in turn linked with gram panchayat level federations to facilitate the services delivery. Secondly, it has enlightened the locally engineered methodology and indigenous technology to be adopted for need-based use according to difficult situations. Thirdly, by simplification of the procedure to avail such facilities, the CFC has become a demand-driven entity. In addition to this, the existing small and medium manufacturers have come up to produce a scalable quantity of new equipment. This has resulted in skill development with the help of community cadre and encouraged the individual entrepreneur to take advantage of these units. This initiative encouraged people to adopt modern technologies like cycle-mounted solar pump sets, drip irrigation systems, irrigation and other agricultural infrastructure asset creation under MGNREGS.


Download data is not yet available.



How to Cite

Gangadhar, B. (2020). Involving Women in Farm Mechanisation for Improving Livelihoods of Farmers in Odisha. Journal of Rural Development, 39(1), 96–109.

Author Biography

Bongurala Gangadhar, Consultant with the Odisha Livelihoods Mission, Department of Panchayati Raj and Drinking Water, Government of Odisha

Consultant, Livelihoods Cell,

Odisha Livelihoods Mission,



Aggarwal, Bina. (1983).Mechanisation in Indian Agriculture: An Analytical Study based on Punjab (Delhi School of Economics, Monograph in Economic, No.6), New Delhi, Allied Publishers Pvt. Ltd.

Appleton, H. (1993).Technology and RNR-based small enterprises.Paper presented to DFID’s NRAC, Swansea, U.K.

Balishter, V.K. Gupta and Singh, R. (1991).Impact of Mechanisation on Employment and Farm Productivity. Economic and Political Weekly, 32(3): pp. 484-489.

Chopra, Kusum. (1974).Tractorisation and Changes in Factor Inputs: A Case Study of Punjab.Economic and Political Weekly, 9(52), pp. A119-A121+A123-A127.

FAO. (2018). India at a glance, data retrieved from < en> on 15-03-2018.

FICCI. (2011). Agricultural Machinery Sector in India, Federation of Indian Chamber of Commerce and Industry. e-book retrieved from

FICCI. (2015). Transforming Agriculture through Mechanisation - a Knowledge Paper on Indian farm equipment sector. Grant Thornton International LLP, pp 01-56.

Jose, A. V. (1984).Farm Mechanisation in Asian Countries - Some Perspectives.Economic and Political Weekly, 19(26), pp. A97-A103.

Odisha Economic Survey 2016-17. (Feb 2017). Planning and Convergence Department, Directorate of Economics and Statistics Government of Odisha, pp 01-369.

Ou,Y., Yang D., and Zhang, Y. (2002).Experience and Analysis on SugarcaneMechanisation at a state farm in China. ASAE Annual International Meeting/CIGR XV World Congress sponsored by ASAE CIGR, Hyatt Regency Chicago, Illinois, USA My 28 - My 31, 2002.

Pathak, B.S., Panesar, B.S., Singh, C.P. and Verma S.R. (1978).Effect of Power Sources on Production and Productivity in Ludhiana District - A Survey Report, ISAE North Chapter & ISAE, PAU, Ludhiana, pp 34-44.

Rao, C.H. Hanumantha. (1972).Farm Mechanisation in a Labour – Abundant Economy.Economic and Political Weekly, 7(5/7) pp. 393+395 - 397+399 - 400.

Singh, Gajendra (2001),Relation between Mechanisation and Agricultural Productivity in Various Parts of India, AMA, 32(2), pp. 68-76.

Singh, Gajendra (2015), Agricultural Mechanisation Development in India.Indian Journal of Agriculture Economy, Vol.70, No.1, pp 64-82.

Starkey, P. (1998).Integrating Mechanisation into Strategies for Sustainable Agriculture, Technical Centre for Agricultural and Rural Cooperation (CTA), Wageningen, The Netherlands.

USDA. (2011). India: Basic information, United States Department of Agriculture - Economic Research Service, United States.

Wobst, P. and Mhamba, R. (2000).Towards Agricultural Development and Poverty Alleviation in Tanzania: Some Policy Options, Trade and Macro Division, International Food Policy Research Institute, Washington D.C.