• Supratim Guha School of Civil and Chemical Engineering (SCALE), VIT University, Vellore
  • V. R. Mandla Centre for Geo-informatics Applications in Rural Development (CGARD), National Institute of Rural Development & Panchayati Raj, Hyderabad
  • Dillip K. Barik Department of Physics, Visvesvaraya National Institute of Technology, Nagpur
  • Pritam Das Department of Physics, Visvesvaraya National Institute of Technology, Nagpur
  • V. M. Rao Department of Physics, Visvesvaraya National Institute of Technology, Nagpur
  • Teya Pal Department of Physics, Visvesvaraya National Institute of Technology, Nagpur
  • P. K. Rao Department of Physics, Visvesvaraya National Institute of Technology, Nagpur



Ecological Security, Economic Efficiency, Rurban, Social Equity, Sustainable Development, Sustainable Livelihood Security Index.


This study shows the current scenario of sustainable livelihood security index of Allapur S Rurban cluster, located in the newly born Telengana State. Calculating economic efficiency index, ecological security index and social equity index and eventually Sustainable Livelihood Security index (SLSI) were carried out at the village levels using spatial and non-spatial data. Normalisation of the selected indicators were first done and then calculated. Results from the study indicate that the study area possesses a very low SLSI with only Narayanpur and Odandapur village which cover 11.13 per cent of the total geographical area of the cluster as sustainable and secure villages. 59.58 per cent of the geographical area and 65.83 per cent of the population are moderately sustainable category. Whereas, eight villages which accounted for 27.37 per cent population of the total cluster are under less sustainable and very less sustainable category. There is an urgent need to reorient development programmers and carry out priority-wise development investments into these vulnerable villages to provide resources and opportunities to ameliorate their ecological security, economic efficiency and social equity which further sustainable livelihood security.


Download data is not yet available.




How to Cite

Guha, S., Mandla, V. R., Barik, D. K., Das, P., Rao, V. M., Pal, T., & Rao, P. K. (2018). ANALYSIS OF SUSTAINABLE LIVELIHOOD SECURITY: A CASE STUDY OF ALLAPUR S RURBAN CLUSTER. Journal of Rural Development, 37(2), 365–382.


Arjunan M, Puyravaud JP, Davidar P. (2005) The impact of resource collection by local communities on the dry forests of the Kalakad–Mundanthurai tiger reserve, Tropical Ecology, 46:135–143.

Belal, A.A., Moghanm, F.S. (2011) Detecting urban growth using remote sensing and GIS techniques in Al Gharbiya governorate, Egypt. Egypt, Egypt Journal of Remote Sensing and Space Sciences, 14, 78-79.

Bhandari, B.S., Grant, M., (2007) Analysis of livelihood security: a case study in the Kali-Khola watershed of Nepal, Journal of Environmental Management, 85, 17–26.

Bull, K., (2015) Improving rural livelihoods and environments in developing countries, Report, Institute for Land, Water and Society, Charles Sturt University, Accessed 13 March 2015).

Chitwood SR. (1974) Social equity and social service productivity, Public Administration Review, 34:29–35.

Dai, D.D., Dien, N.T., (2013) Difficulties in transition among livelihoods under agricultural land conversion for industrialization: perspective of human development, Mediterranean Journal of Social Science, 4, 259.

Fredericks SE. (2012) Justice in sustainability indicators and indexes, International Journal of Sustainable Development & World Ecology, 19:490–499.

Giddings B, Hopwood B, O’Brien G. (2002) Environment, economy and society: fitting them together into sustainable development, Sustainable Development, 10: 187–196.

Hatai, L.D., Sen, C., (2008) An economic analysis of agricultural sustainability in Odisha, Agricultural Economics Research Review, 21, 73–79.

Jenks M, Dempsey N (eds). (2005), Future forms and design for sustainable cities, Architectural: Oxford.

Littig B, Grießler E. (2005) Social sustainability: a catchword between political pragmatism and social theory, International Journal of Sustainable Development, 8:65–79.

Liu, W., (2008), An analysis and reflection on effective teaching, Frontiers in Education China, 3(1), 149–161.

Maikhuri RK, Nautiyal S, Rao KS, Saxena KG. (2001), Conservation policy – people conflicts: a case study from Nanda Devi Biosphere Reserve (a World Heritage Site), India, For Policy of Economy, 2:355–365.

Moser, A., (1996) Ecotechnology in industrial practice: implementation using sustainability indices and case studies, Ecology Engineering, 7, 117–138.

Ouyang, W., Song, K., Wang, X., Hao, F., (2014), Non-point source pollution dynamics under long-term agricultural development and relationship with landscape dynamics, Ecological Indicators, 45, 579–589.

Qin, Y., (2012), Studies on application of fuzzy comprehensive evaluation method in piano teaching of colleges, AISS Adcances in Information Sciences and Service Sciences, 4 (10), 313–320.

Qu, F., Kuyvenhoven, A., Shi, X., Heerink, N., (2011), Sustainable natural resource use in rural China: recent trends and policies, China Economic Review, 22, 444–460.

Reshmi Shaw, Arijit Das., (2017) Identifying peri-urban growth in small and medium towns using GIS and remote sensing technique: A case study of English Bazar Urban Agglomeration, West Bengal, India, The Egyptian Journal of Remore Sensing and Space Sciences, Vol. 2, 1-10.

Sajjad, H., Nasreen, I., Ansari, S.A., (2014), Assessing spatiotemporal variation in agricultural sustainability using sustainable livelihood security index: empirical illustration from Vaishali District of Bihar, India, Agroecology and Sustainable Food Systems, 38 (1), 46–68.

Saleth RM, Swaminathan MS. (1993), Sustainable livelihood security at the household level: Concept and evaluation methodology. In: Proceedings of an interdisciplinary dialogue on ecotechnology and rural employment; 1993, Apr 12-15; Chennai; Centre for Research on Sustainable Agricultural and Rural Development.

Shaw, A., Kristjanson, P., (2014), A Catalyst toward sustainability? exploring social learning and social differentiation approaches with the agricultural poor, Journal of Sustainable, 6, 2685–2717.

Singh, P.K., Hiremath, B.N., (2010) Sustainable livelihood security index in a developing country: a tool for development planning, Ecological Indicators, 10, 442–451.

Suresh Kumar, A. Raizada& H. Biswas. (2014), Prioritising development planning in the Indian semi-arid Deccan using sustainable livelihood security index approach, International Journal of Sustainable Development & World Ecology, 21:4, 332-345, DOI: 10.1080/13504509.2014.886309

Uma, G., (1993), Sustainable livelihood security of villages surrounding the pichavaram mangrove forest, India, Indian Geography, J 68, 33–47.

[UNDP] United Nations Development Programme. (2006), Human development report 2006, New York, Oxford University Press.

Vahabzadeh, A.H., Asiaei, A., Zailani, S., (2015), Green decision-making model in reverse logistics using FUZZY-VIKOR method, Resources Conservation and Recycling, 103,125–138.

Williams K, Burton E, Jenks M (eds). (2000), Achieving Sustainable Urban Form. Spon: London.

Wu, B., (2004), Sustainable development in rural China: farmer innovation and self-organisation in marginal areas, Routledge, London,U. K.