Status of Food Security in Andhra Pradesh-An Economic Analysis
AbstractThe present study aimed at studying the food security situation with respect to macro, socio-economic and consumption factors prescribed by FAO and to develop a policy prescription for attaining food security in Andhra Pradesh. The results revealed the problem of calorie deficiency, the declining per capita consumption, increase in the non-farming population in Andhra Pradesh, stagnant value addition by agriculture in total GDP, reduced purchasing power, declined access to food in rural areas, increased flexibility available with the government to spend on welfare programmes to increase availability, access and absorption and consequently on food security. Inequality in consumption expenditure, the alarming increase in general price level, the diversion of agricultural land to other nonagricultural uses reduced public investment in irrigation when compared to private investment were identified.
Dev, S.M (2007), Inclusive Growth in Andhra Pradesh: Challenges in Agriculture, Poverty, Social Sector and Regional Disparities, Working Paper No. 71 of the Centre for Economic and Social Studies, Hyderabad.
FAO (2010), â€œThe State of Food Insecurity in the World: Addressing Food Insecurity in Protracted Crisesâ€, pp 46.
FAO (2011), â€œThe State of Food Insecurity in the World : How Does International Price Volatility Affect Domestic Economies and Food Security?â€ at http://www.fao.org/ catalog/inter-e.htm.
Gillespie, S and S. Kadiyala (2012), â€œExploring the Agricultureâ€“Nutrition Disconnect in India In : Reshaping Agriculture for Nutrition and Health, An IFPRI 2020 Book (eds.) Fan, S and R. Pandya-Lorch. International Food Policy Research Institute, Washington, DCâ€, 20, 173-182.
Kannan, K.P (2000), â€œFood Security in a Regional Perspective: A View from 'Food Deficit' Keralaâ€, Working Paper of Centre for Development Studies, Trivandrum, 304, pp 42.
McKeon, N (2011), â€œGlobal Governance for World Food Security: A Scorecard Four Years After the Eruption of the â€œFood Crisisâ€, Heinrich-BÃ¶ll-Stiftung, Berlin, pp 19.
Mitra, P.P (1996), â€œEconomics of Food Security: The Indian Contextâ€, Social Action, NewDelhi, 46(3), pp 278-295.
Narayanamoorthy, A. and P. Alli (2012), â€œIndiaâ€™s New Food Security Worries: from Crop Holiday to Declining Food Grains Areaâ€, Indian Journal of Agricultural Economics, 67 (3), 488-498.
National Institute of Nutrition (NIN) (2010), â€œDietary Guidelines for Indians-A Manual (Final Draft)â€, National Institute of Nutrition, Hyderabad, 1-126.
Putler, D. S, (1992), Incorporating Reference Price Effects into a Theory of Consumer Choice, Marketing Science, 11 (3), 1-24.
Radhakrishna, R, (1996), Food Trends, Public Distribution System and Food Security Concerns, Indian Journal of Agricultural Economics, 51, pp1-2, 168-183.
Rameshchand (2005), â€œWhither India's Food Policy? From Food Security to Food Deprivationâ€, Economic and Political Weekly, 40 (11), pp 1055-1062.
Saraswat, S.P., Sharma, A., Singh, P. and B.R. Sharma (2012), Scenario of Nutritional Food Security of Farming Families in Himachal Pradesh, Indian Journal of Agricultural Economics, 67 (3): 523.
Swaminathan, M. S (2013), â€œFrom Bengal Famine to Right to Foodâ€, The Hindu Daily,13th Feb 2013.
Vepa, S.S (2011), Poverty Norm or Calorie Norm ?, The Hindu Daily dated 22-03-12, pp 14.