Health in Rural India:Towards a Comprehensive Health Index
AbstractThis paper constructs a determinants-based comprehensive indicator of health that can better capture the health status of population by taking into account the necessary facilities that promote a longer as well as disease-free life. Annual time series of health index comprising three sub-indices, namely, material access index, health infrastructure index and healthcare utilisation index, are constructed for fifteen major States of India for the period 1983-84 to 2005-06. The health index indicates an increased access to basic facilities over the years; levels of access being still low, health infrastructure being stagnant since mid-1990s and low levels of health care utilisation. Better rural health status requires reducing health risks, strengthening health infrastructure and increasing health awareness.
How to Cite
Bartholomew David J, Steele Fiona, Moustaki Irini, Galbraith Jane I (2008), â€œAnalysis of Multivariate Social Science Dataâ€, Second Edition, Statistics in the Social and Behavioral Sciences Series, CRC Press, Taylor & Francis Group.
Bhargava A, Jamison D.T., Lau L.J, Murray C.J.L. (2001), â€œModeling the Effects of Health on Economic Growthâ€, Journal of Health Economics, (Vol. 20), pp. 423-440.
Central Bureau of Health Intelligence, â€œHealth Information of Indiaâ€, Directorate General of Health Services, Ministry of Health & Family Welfare, Government of India, Various Issues (renamed as National Health Profile since 2005).
Cole Matthew A., Neumayer (2006), â€œThe Impact of Poor Health on Total Factor Productivityâ€, Journal of Development Studies, (Vol. 42:6), pp. 918-938, Aug 2006.
Croppenstedt Andre, Muller Christopher (2000), â€œThe Impact of Farmersâ€™ Health and Nutritional Status on their Productivity and Efficiency: Evidence from Ethiopiaâ€, Economic Development and Cultural Change, pp. 475-502.
Dasgupta Partha (1993), â€œAn Inquiry into Well-being and Distributionâ€, Clarendon Press, Oxford.
Daniel A. B., Nagaraj K., Kamath R. (2008), â€œPrevalence and Determinants of Tobacco Use in a Highly Literate Rural Community in Southern India", National Medical Journal of India, (Jul-Aug 21(4)), pp.163-165.
Deaton Angus (2006), â€œGlobal Patterns of Income and Health: Facts, Interpretations and Policiesâ€, NBER Working Paper W12735, National Bureau of Economic Research, Cambridge, MA.
Deolalikar Anil B. (1988), â€œNutrition and Labour Productivity in Agriculture: Estimation for Rural South Indiaâ€, The Review of Economics and Statistics, (Vol. 70 No.3, Aug 1988), pp. 406-413.
Registrar General, India, â€œCensus of Indiaâ€, Various Issues.
Registrar General, India (2006), â€œSample Registration System SRS Bulletinâ€, Office of the Registrar General of India, Delhi, Various Issues.
Registrar General, â€œSample Registration System- Fertility and Mortality Indicatorsâ€, Office of the Registrar General, India (Vital Statistics Division), Ministry of Home Affairs, New Delhi, Various Issues.
Haddad Lawrence J., Bouis Howarth E. (1991), â€œThe Impact of Nutritional Status on Agricultural Productivity: Wage Evidence from the Philippinesâ€, Oxford Bulletin of Economics and Statistics (53:1), pp. 45-68.
International Institute for Population Sciences, â€œNational Family Health Survey-2â€, Various State Reports, Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, Government of India.
â€œNational Family Health Survey-3â€, Various State Reports, Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, Government of India.
Joshi Hemlata (2007), â€œHealth Status Index: Rajasthan- Spatio-Temporal Appraisal at Panchayat Samiti/ Block Levelâ€, Published Research Projects, Institute of Development Studies, Jaipur.
Keleher Helen, Murphy Berni (2004), â€œUnderstanding Health- A Determinants Approachâ€, Oxford University Press.
Knowles S., Owen P.D. (1995), â€œHealth Capital and Cross-country Variation in Income Per Capita in the Mankiw-romer-weil-Modelâ€, Economics Letters (Vol. 48), pp. 99-106.
Mahal Ajay, Yazbeck Abdo S., Peters David H. and Ramana G.N.V. (2001), â€œThe Poor and Health Service Use in Indiaâ€, Health, Nutrition and Population (HNP) Discussion Paper, August 2001.
MoHFW, â€œFamily Planning, Year Bookâ€, Ministry of Health and Family Welfare (New Delhi: Government of India), Various Issues.
â€œFamily Welfare Programme in India, Year Bookâ€, Department of Family Planning, Ministry of Health and Family Welfare (New Delhi: Government of India), Various Issues.
MoSPI, National Sample Survey Reports, Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation, Government of India, Various Issues.
Office of the Registrar General (2005), â€œSpecial Fertility and Mortality Survey, 1998: A Report of 1.1 Million Indian Householdsâ€, Sample Registration System, Office of the Registrar General, India.
Office of the Registrar General and Census Commissioner (2009), â€œCompendium of Indiaâ€™s Fertility and Mortality Indicators 1971-2007- based on the Sample Registration System (SRS)â€, India.
Pitt, M. M., & Rosenzweig, M. R. (1985), â€œHealth and Nutrient Consumption across and within Farm Householdsâ€, The Review of Economics and Statistics, pp 212-223.
Preston, SH (1976), â€œMortality Populations in National Populationsâ€, Academic Press, New York.
Pritchett, Lant, and Lawrence H. Summers (1996), â€œWealthier is Healthierâ€, Journal of Human Resources, (Vol. 31 No. 4), pp. 841-868.
Rani M, Bonu S, Jha P, Nguyen SN, Jamjoum L (2003), â€œTobacco Use in India: Prevalence and Predictors of Smoking and Chewing in a National Cross Sectional Household Surveyâ€, Tobacco Control, (Dec, Vol.12 (4):e4).
Rooban T, Elizabeth J, Umadevi KR, Ranganathan K. (2010), â€œSocio-Demographic Correlates of Male Chewable Smokeless Tobacco Users in India: A Preliminary Report of Analysis of National Family Health Survey, 2005-2006â€, Indian Journal Cancer, (Jul47 Suppl 1), pp. 91-100.
Seckler, David (1989), â€œSmall but Healthy? Are We Asking the Right Question?â€ Human Organization, (Vol. 48, No. 1), pp. 30-39.
Subramanian S V, Shailen Nandy, Michelle Kelly, Dave Gordon, George Davey Smith (2004), â€œPatterns and Distribution of Tobacco Consumption in India: Cross Sectional Multi-level Evidence from the 1998-9 National Family Health Surveyâ€, BMJ: British Medical Journal 2004, April 3; 328 (7443), pp. 801-806.
Sen, A. (2002), â€œHealth: Perception versus Observation: Self Reported Morbidity has Severe Limitations and Can be Extremely Misleadingâ€, BMJ: British Medical Journal, April 2002, 324 (7342), p. 860.
Spence, Michael and Lewis Maureen ed. (2011), â€œHealth and Growth: Commission on Growth and Developmentâ€, Rawat Publications.
Strauss John, Thomas Duncan (1998), â€œHealth, Nutrition and Economic Developmentâ€, Journal of Economic Literature, Vol XXXVI, June 1998, pp. 766-817.
Subramanian SV, Smith GD, Subramanyam M (2006), â€œIndigenous Health and SocioEconomic Status in Indiaâ€, PLoS Med 3(10), e421.
Svedberg, Peter (2000), â€œPoverty and Under Nutrition - Theory, Measurement and Policyâ€, A Study Prepared for the World Institute for Development Economics Research of United Nations University (UNU/WIDER), Oxford University Press.