Changes in Cropping Pattern in Odisha Agriculture in Neo-Liberal Period
AbstractRole of agriculture remains vital in enabling the State to attain and maintain food self-sufficiency, especially, in a poverty-stricken State like Odisha. Despite the changes in the macroeconomic policy framework in the neo-liberal period, the agricultural sector in Odisha neither experienced any significant growth subsequent to the initiation of economic reforms in 1991 nor it derived the expected shift in cropping pattern. Sustainable growth of agriculture depends significantly on the process of agricultural transformation, which in turn is well connected with shifts in cropping patterns. The paper discusses the cropping pattern changes that have taken place in area allocation as well as in terms of production and productivity of major crop groups at the State level and across physiographic zones of the State. It is observed that there are variations in the share of area, production and productivity of major crop groups over the time at the State level and as well as across the physiographic zones. Sluggish shift in the cropping pattern towards non-foodgrain crops in the State is because of slow expansion of irrigation, low level of fertiliser consumption, slow technology adoption and low level of infrastructure. The slowdown in the process of cropping pattern change means that most government efforts to diversify agriculture have failed to take off.
How to Cite
Alexandratos, N and Bruinsma, J (2012), â€œWorld Agriculture towards 2030/2050: The 2012 Revisionâ€, ESA Working paper No. 12-03, Rome, FAO.
Bhalla, G. S and Singh, G (2009), â€œEconomic Liberalisation and Indian Agriculture: A State-wise Analysisâ€, Economic and Political Weekly, 54 (52): pp. 34-44.
Chand, R. (2001), â€œEmerging Trends and Issues in Public and Private Investments in Indian Agriculture: A State-wise Analysisâ€, Indian Journal of Agricultural Economics, 56 (2): pp. 161-184.
Chand, R (2003), â€œGovernment Intervention in Food Grain Markets in the Changing Contextâ€, Policy Paper No. 19, National Centre for Agricultural Economics and Policy Research, New Delhi.
Government of Odisha (2012), â€œEconomic Survey 2011-12â€, Department of Economics and Statistics, Bhubaneswar, Odisha.
Government of Odisha (2014), â€œAgricultural Statistics Odisha, 2013-14â€, Department of Economics and Statistics, Bhubaneswar, Odisha.
Hazra, C.R (2001), â€œCrop Diversification in Indiaâ€, in â€œCrop Diversification in the Asiaâ€“Pacific Region, Edited by Minas K. Papademetriou and Frank J. Dent, Food and Agriculture Organisation of the United Nations.
Joshi, P K, Pratap Singh Birthal and Nicholas Minot (2006), â€œSources of Agricultural Growth in India: Role of Diversification towards High Value Cropsâ€, MTID Discussion Paper No. 98. Washington, D.C.: International Food Policy Research Institute.
Malthus, T.R (1798), â€œAn Essay on the Principle of Population and A Summary View of the Principle of Populationâ€, Reprinted by Penguin Press, Harmondsworth.
Mishra, S (2009), â€œPoverty and Agrarian Distress in Odishaâ€, Working Paper No. WP-2009-006, Indira Gandhi Institute of Development Research, Mumbai, http://www.igidr.ac.in/pdf/publication/WP2009-006.pdf.
Mishra, S. N and Chand, R (1995), â€œPrivate and Public Capital Formation in Indian Agriculture: Comments on Complementarity Hypothesis and Othersâ€, Economic and Political Weekly, 30 (24): pp. A 64â€“79.
Mohanty, S. Pattanaik, F. and Patra. R N (2013), â€œAgricultural Diversification in Odisha During Post Reform Periodâ€, Agricultural Situation in India, 70 (6): p. 5-14
Rahman, S (2009), â€œWhether Crop Diversification is a Desired Strategy for Agricultural Growth in Bangladesh?â€ Food Policy, 34 (4): pp. 340-349.
Rao, V.M (1996), â€œAgricultural Development with a Human Faceâ€, Economic and Political Weekly, 31(26): pp. A52 -62.
Ruthenberg, H (1980), â€œFarming Systems in the Tropicsâ€, Clarendon Press, Oxford.
Vyas, V S (2001), â€œAgriculture: Second Round of Economic Reformsâ€, Economic and Political Weekly, 36 (14): pp. 829-36.
Vyas, V. S (1996), â€œDiversification in Agriculture: Concept, Rationale and Approachesâ€, Indian Journal of Agricultural Economics, 51 (4): pp. 636-643.
Weinberger, K. and Lumpkin, T (2007), â€žDiversification into Horticulture and Poverty Reduction: A Research Agendaâ€, World Development, 35(8): pp.1464-1480.