Productivity of Different Species of Dairy Animals in High Altitude Regions: A Geographical Analysis in Pulwama District of Jammu & Kashmir


  • Rafiq Hussain Andrabi Department of Geography, University of Kashmir
  • Harmeet Singh Department of Geography, University of Kashmir
  • Pervez Ahmed Department of Geography, University of Kashmir



The study was conducted to assess the existing productivity performance of indigenous and cross-bred cows like Holstein Friesians and Jersey cows in terms of milk yield, age at first calving, post-partum heat, lactation length, dry period, calving interval and lactation yield across different agro-ecological zones (AEZs) of Pulwama district, as these aspects have a profound influence on the efficiency of milk production. For this study, a total of 72 dairy cows were selected randomly from three agro-ecological zones of Pulwama district i.e., Flood Plain, Karewa and Kandi. Significant difference was found within the milk yield (p<0.01), age at first calving (p<0.01), post-partum heat (p<0.01), lactation length (p<0.01), dry period (p<0.01), calving interval (p<0.01) and lactation yield (p<0.01). It was observed that productive and reproductive efficiency of exotic species mainly Jersey and Holstein Friesian remain at the top followed by local/indigenous species. The study concludes that the cross-bred cows are better performers than the indigenous cows in dairy potentialities in the study area. It also reflects that due to robust launching of livestock hybridisation programme in the district, the number of livestock is rapidly being replaced by the cross-breeding animals in order to meet the growing milk demand of the population.


Download data is not yet available.




How to Cite

Andrabi, R. H., Singh, H., & Ahmed, P. (2017). Productivity of Different Species of Dairy Animals in High Altitude Regions: A Geographical Analysis in Pulwama District of Jammu & Kashmir. Journal of Rural Development, 36(2), 269–282.


Alam, M.G.S, Ghosh, M and Akbar M.A (2001), “Supplementation and Puberty of Zebu Calves in Bangladesh, The Bangladesh Veterinarian-18, pp.1-8.

Andrea, S.W (2004), “An Ecology of High- Altitude Infancy – A Bio Cultural Perspective,†Syndicate of the University of Cambridge, pp. 112-118.

Bisht, R (2008), “Agriculture in Ladakh: A Status Report,†Prepared for TATA-LAHDC-Development Support Programme, Mumbai, pp. 34-36.

Dematawewa, C. M. B, and Beger P.J (1998), “Genetic and Phenotypic Parameters for 305-day Yield,†Fertility and Survival in Holstein. J, Dairy Science 81,2700-2709.

Department of Animal Husbandry (2015), “Annual Report,†Department of Animal Husbandry, Pulwama, pp. 1-4.

Government of Jammu and Kashmir (2015), “Digest of Statistics,†Directorate of Economics and Statistics, Planning and Development Department, pp. 45-55.

Ishaq, S.M (1961), “An Economic Analysis of the Influence of Delayed Breeding on Milk Production and Cost in Dhanni Cows,â€Agriculture Pakistan 12, pp. 61-66.

Islam, S.K.M.A, Zhoque, M.A, Alam, M.R, Hassan, M.M and Rehman, M.A (2006),â€A Cross-sectional Study on Production Performance of Stall-fed Dairy Cattle at Central Cattle Breeding Station (CCBS), Savar, Dhaka Bangladesh, J. Vet. 4(1): 61-63.

Kumaresan, K (2009), “Comparative Study on Productive and Reproductive Performance of Local and Different Cross-bred Dairy Cows at Daulatpur, Khulna in Bangladesh,â€Bangladesh Research Publications Journal, Volume- 3, pp.909-914.

Miazi,. M,Hossain E., and Hassan, M (2007), “Productive and Reproductive Performance of Crossbred and Indigenous Dairy Cows under Rural Conditions in Comilla, Bangladesh,†Univ.j. zool. Rajistani Univer, Vol.26, pp.67-70.

Mukasa- Mugerwa, E (1989), “A Review of Reproductive Performance of Female BosIndicus (Zebu) Cattle,†Addis Ababa, Ethiopia: International Livestock Centre for Africa.