Learning Outcomes in Elementary Education in Rural India: An Inter-state Comparison


  • Amit Kundu Professor, Department of Economics, Jadavpur University, Kolkata-700032, West Bengal
  • Puja Biswas Ph.D. Scholar, Department of Economics, Jadavpur University, Kolkata-700032




Elementary Education, Inter-State Comparison, Panel Data Regression Model


An investigation is done on learning outcomes among children in different States of India at elementary level. Here, 24 major States of India are considered. The exercise is done on the basis of different Annual Status of Education Report (ASER) from 2010, whose information is rural-specific. Learning outcome index of the students of each State are calculated both at standard III and standard V level. It is observed that in most of the States, the learning achievement of the children at elementary level is deteriorating, but not rapidly. It has also come out that higher literacy among parents, availability of some school related factors like Mid-day Meal, proper drinking water,sanitation and playground facility can play a positive role to improve the learning achievement of the rural Indian children at elementary level.


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How to Cite

Kundu, A., & Biswas, P. (2019). Learning Outcomes in Elementary Education in Rural India: An Inter-state Comparison. Journal of Rural Development, 38(1), 30–54. https://doi.org/10.25175/jrd/2019/v38/i1/116613


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