Trends and Patterns in Nutritional Intake in India
AbstractAccording to Nutritional Intake Survey Series, conducted by the National Sample Survey Organisation (NSSO), there has been slow, but steady decline in consumption of calories and proteins, but the consumption of fat has been increasing both in rural and urban India. Unlike calorie and protein, the difference in fat intake between rural and urban areas is pronounced. In the country,the States belonging to north eastern region seem to be lagging in terms of nutritional intake when compared to the national average. Among calorie, protein and fat, it is the protein where relatively lesser number of States in the country have exhibited positive trend during 2004-05 and 2011-12. In terms of calorie intake, about 39 per cent of country's population remains undernourished. However, there has been a decrease of about 33 million people who registered to have deficient intake of calories during 2004-05 and 2011- 12. With rise in food expenditure among rural and urban masses, there has been less than proportionate increase in calorie, protein and fat intake. Yet, relatively higher propensity has been witnessed to consume more of fat with the rise in food expenditure.
How to Cite
Ali, J (2007), â€œStructural Changes in Food Consumption and Nutritional Intake from Livestock Products in India,â€ South Asia Research, Vol. 27, Issue 2, pp. 137-15.
Atibudhi, H N (2006), â€œA Comparative Analysis of Food Consumption and Monthly Per Capita Expenditure of Orissa vis-a-vis All India Level,â€Indian Journal of Agricultural Economics, Vol. 61, Issue 3, July-September.
Basu, Depankar and Basole, Amit (2012), â€œThe Calorie Consumption Puzzle in India: An Empirical Investigation,â€ Economics Department Working Paper Series, University of Massachusetts, Paper 147.
Chandrasekhar, CP and Ghosh, Jayati (2003), â€œThe Calorie Consumption Puzzleâ€, Economic Research Foundation, Macroscan, February.
Deaton A and Dreze, J (2009), â€œNutrition in India: Facts and Interpretations, Economic and Political Weekly, 44(7), pp. 42-65, February.
Giri, A K (2006), â€œCereal Consumption Over Time in the Country and Across the States,â€Indian Journal of Agricultural Economics, Vol. 61, Issue 3.
Golait, R and Pradhan, N C (2006), â€œChanging Food Consumption Pattern in Rural India: Implication on Food and Nutrition Security, Indian Journal of Agricultural Economics, Vol. 61, Issue 3, July-September.
Government of India (2007a), â€œLevel and Pattern of Consumer Expenditure- 2004-05,â€ 61st Round, Report No. 508, National Sample Survey Organisation, Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation, New Delhi, July, 2004 â€“ June, 2005.
----------------- (2007b), â€œNutritional Intake in India, 2004-05,â€ 61st Round, Report No. 513, National Sample Survey Organisation, Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation, New Delhi, July, 2004 â€“ June, 2005.
------------------ (2014a), â€œLevel and Pattern of Consumer Expenditure, 2011-12, 68th Round, Report No. 555, National Sample Survey Organisation, Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation, New Delhi, July, 2011 â€“ June, 2012.
--------------------- (2014b), â€œNutritional Intake in India, 2011-12,â€68th Round, Report No. 560, National Sample Survey Organisation, Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation, New Delhi, July, 2011 â€“ June, 2012.
International Conference on Nutrition (1992), â€œHuman Nutrition in the Developing World,â€ FAO Corporate Document Repository,http://www.fao.org/docrep/w0073e /w0073e03.htm.
Li, Nicholas and Eli Shari (2010), â€œIn Search of India's Missing Calories: Energy Requirements http://emlab.berkeley.edu/~webfac/emiguel/e271_f10/Li.pdf
Mehta, J and Venkatraman, S (2000), â€œPoverty Statistics: Bermicideâ€™s Feast, Economic and Political Weekly, 35(27):2377â€“2379+2381â€“2382, July, 2000.
Mittal, S (2007), â€œWhat Affects Changes in Cereal Consumption?, Economic and Political Weekly, 42(5), pp. 444-447, February.
Nasurudeen, P; Kuruvila, A; Sendhil, R and Chandresekar, V (2006), â€œThe Dynamics and Inequality of Nutrient Consumption in India,â€Indian Journal of Agriculture Economics, Vol. 61, Issue 3, pp. 362-373.
National Institute of Nutrition (2011), â€œDietary Guidelines for Indians- A Manual,â€ Indian Council of Medical Research, Hyderabad (India).
Patnaik, U (2004), â€œThe Republic of Hunger, Social Scientist, 32(9/10):9â€“35, Septemberâ€“ October.
---------- (2007), â€œNeoliberalism and Rural Poverty in India,â€ Economic and Political Weekly, 42 (30):3132â€“3150, July.
---------- (2010a), â€œA Critical Look at Some Propositions on Consumption and Poverty, Economic and Political Weekly, 45(6):74â€“80, February.
--------- (2010b), â€œOn Some Fatal Fallacies,â€Economic and Political Weekly, 45(47):81â€“87, February.
Radhakrishna, R (2006),â€œFood Consumption and Nutritional Status in India: Emerging Trends and Perspectives,â€ Working Paper, November, Indira Gandhi Institute of Development Research, Mumbai, November.
Ramachandran, Prema (2008), â€œChanging Food Consumption Pattern in India,â€ Bulletin of the Nutrition Foundation of India, Vol. 29, No. 2, April.
Rao, Ch H (2000), â€œWhat Affects Changes in Cereal Consumption?, Economic and Political Weekly, 35(4), pp. 201-206, January.
Ray, R (2007), â€œChanges in Food Consumption and Implications for Food Security and Undernourishment: India in the 1990s,â€ Development and Change, 38 (2), pp.321â€“343.
Ray, R and Lancaster, G (2005), â€œOn Setting the Poverty Line Based on Estimated Nutrient Prices: Condition of Socially Disadvantaged Groups During the Reform Period, Economic and Political Weekly, 40, pp. 46â€“56.
Shariff A, Mallick A C (1999),â€œDynamics of Food Intake and Nutrition by Expenditure Class in India,â€Economic and Political Weekly, Vol. 34, Issue 27, pp. 1790-1800.
Shimokawa, Satoru (2012), â€œWhen Does Dietary Knowledge Matter to Obesity and Overweight Prevention?, Food Policy, Volume 38, pp. 35â€“46, November.
Singh, RK; Vishwakarma, A and Singh P K (2006),â€œFood Security and Policy Perspective in India, Indian Journal of Agricultural Economics, Vol. 61, Issue 3.
Viswanathan, B (2001),â€œStructural Breaks in Consumption Patterns: India 1952-1991, Applied Economics, Vol. 33, Issue 9; pp. 1187-1200.
World Bank (2011), â€œAn Urgent Call for Action: Undernourished Children of South Asia,â€ <http://www.worldbank.org/poverty.