Land Degradation and Agricultural Productivity:A District Level Analysis, India
AbstractIncrease in agricultural productivity contributes to overall economic development and by providing capital, employment, and increased purchasing power of the rural people it also helps in reducing poverty. Environmental degradation is emerging as a major constraint in increasing productivity in agriculture. Land degradation is among the most crucial environmental problems affecting agricultural development. This paper tries to evaluate the implication of land degradation, by examining input use in agriculture in the severely degraded districts of India. Although land degradation directly affects agricultural productivity, the use of fertilisers and rainfall also influences productivity. In turn, productivity is also influenced by other inputs like irrigation, conventional inputs, credit, extension services and adoption of mechanical and chemical technologies.
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