Can Watershed-Based Interventions be a Panacea to Agrarian Distress in Vidarbha Region of Maharashtra? a Case Study
AbstractWatershed-based interventions have brought a paradigm shift in the resource conservation and production across the rain-fed landscape of the country. Yet some regions still face agrarian distress and Vidarbha region is one among them. The present study explored this issue with a focus on watershed-based interventions. The historical agricultural development and agrarian distress of Vidarbha region were examined with respect to conservation of natural resource and its impact on mitigating the distress and absolving the locals of misery. This study proposed to test the hypotheses that watershed approach of decentralised water harvesting and utilisation are the remedy to overcome the agrarian stagnation suffered by the Vidarbha region. Participatory watershed management project funded by a development agency was taken up as a case study. The watershed programme undertaken in the region attempted to address the water shortage problem, apart from addressing credit needs of the local stakeholders. The programme was evaluated from socio-economic view point examining the impact on agricultural production, income, poverty reduction and migration. The study argued that despite positive changes in socio-economic condition of farmers resulting from watershed programme, the economic gain was too little to push them out of the vicious circle of misery. It was suggested to further strengthen the subsidiary input supply chain including market intelligence and remunerative prices of crop, apart from strengthening the existing conservation efforts.
How to Cite
Amin, S(2001), â€œImperialism and Globalization,â€Mon.Rev,53, 2http://monthlyreview.org/2001/06/01/ imperialism-and-globalization (accessed on November 15, 2013).
Dongre, A. R. & Deshmukh, P. R (2012),â€Farmersâ€™ Suicides in the Vidarbha Region of Maharashtra, India: A Qualitative Exploration of their Causes,â€J. Inj. Violence Res., 4, 1,pp. 2-6.
Frank, A. G(1975), â€œOn Capitalist Underdevelopment,â€Oxford University Press:Bombay.
Government of India (2006),â€Report of the Fact Finding Team on Vidarbha: Regional Disparities and Rural Distress in Maharashtra with Particular Reference to Vidarbha,â€Planning Commission.
â€¦â€¦â€¦â€¦â€¦â€¦(2003), â€œPerformance Evaluation of Statutory Development Boards (SDBs) in Maharashtra2003,â€Programme Evaluation Organisation, Planning Commission.
Government of Maharashtra (1984), â€œReport of the Fact Finding Committee on Regional Imbalance (FFC),â€ Planning Department,Bombay.
Guha, A (1972),â€Raw Cotton of Western India: Output, Transportation and Marketing 1750-1850,â€ The Indian Economic and Social History Rev, 9, 1, pp. 1-42.
ICAR and NAAS(2010), â€œDegraded and Wasteland Lands of India- Status and Spatial Distribution,â€Directorate of Information and Publications of Agriculture, Indian Council of Agricultural Research, Krishi Anusandhan Bhavan I, Pusa, New Delhi.
Jadhav, N (2008), â€œFarmer Suicide and Debt Waiver Plan for Agricultural Development of Maharashtra,â€ Report Submitted to Government of Maharashtra.
Mohanty, B. B(2009), â€œRegional Disparity in Agricultural Development of Maharashtra,â€ Economic & Political Weekly, 7, pp. 63-69.
Mohanty, B. B (2005),â€We Are Like the Living Dead: Farmer Suicides in Maharashtra, Western India,â€Journal of Peasant Studies, 32, 2,pp. 243-276.
â€¦â€¦â€¦â€¦.(2001),â€Suicides of Farmers in Maharashtra: A Socio-Economic Analysis,â€ Rev.of Development and Change, 6, 2, pp. 146-189.
Mohanty, B B and Sangeeta, S (2004), â€œFarmersâ€™ Suicides in Maharashtra,â€ Economic & Political Weekly, 39 (52), pp. 5509-5606.
Phansalkar, S. J (2005), â€œPolitical Economy of Irrigation Development in Vidarbha,â€Journal of Indian School of Political Economy, 17, 4,pp. 605-632.
Phansalkar, S.J (2003), â€œIssues in Water Use in Agriculture in Vidarbha, Nagpur, India,â€ Amol Consultants, Unpublished Report for the IWMI-Tata Programme.
Shah, T., Mehta, Y. and Kher, V (2012), â€œAgricultural Growth and Rural Dynamism- Why is Saurashtra Firing on All Cylinders While Vidarbha is Limping Along?,â€ Water Policy Research, IWMI- Tata Water Policy Programme.