An Analysis of Agrarian Performance in Tribal and Non-Tribal Districts in Odisha: A Cross-sectional Analysis
Keywords:Schedule Tribe (ST), Yield, High Yielding Variety (HYV), Fertiliser Intensity, Infrastructure.
AbstractInter-state and inter-districts disparities in agricultural performance have been a concern for a long period of time in India. Many scholars have found that the difference in agricultural performance among regions is due to differential use of fertiliser and HYV seeds, difference in irrigation facilities, etc. This paper tries to analyse the differential agricultural performance of districts in Odisha on the basis of differential structure created by the presence of tribals in Odisha. The tribal districts and non-tribal districts have difference in indicators of infrastructure and difference in use of modern technology, and hence difference in agricultural performance. By pooling the data on the performance variable yield and other inputs in 2011-12 and 2012-13, it shows that the tribal population is the exogenous variable which determines the use of modern technology, which in turn affects the performance in agriculture. In this context, it can be said that drought, mostly in the forms of destruction of farmlands and massive migration from villages to urban areas, has decreased the social resiliency of villages. In this context, it can be said that drought, mostly in the forms of destruction of farmlands and massive migration from villages to urban areas, has decreased the social resiliency of villages.
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