Analysis of Leguminous Crop Waste (LCW) Utilisation by Farmers in Selected Rural Communities of Ekiti State, Nigeria
Keywords:Legumes, Crop Wastes, Utilisation, Selected Communities, Ekiti State, Nigeria.
AbstractThe study assessed the utilisation of leguminous crop wastes by farmers in Ekiti State, Nigeria. A structured questionnaire was administered to 120 farmers who were randomly selected from 12 communities using multistage random sampling procedure. Findings revealed that 68.3 per cent of the respondents were male. The average age of the respondents was 53 years. Majority (71.3 per cent) had formal education and 65.0 per cent had farming experience of more than 10 years. The findings also revealed that among the three leguminous crops examined, only husks (50.0 per cent), haulms (48.3 per cent) and vines (35.0 per cent) were fairly utilised. Major areas of utilisation include fodder preparation (66.7 per cent), erosion control (65.0 per cent) and composting (48.3 per cent). The perceived benefits of enriching the soil (x=4.52) and as important feeds for livestock (x=4.42) were ranked 1st and 2nd, respectively. Perception of farmers on the introduction of leguminous crop waste conversion technology as a good idea (X=4.12), as technology will generate more income (x=3.50) and as technologies are reliable (X=3.35) were rated 1st, 2nd, and 3rd, respectively. Hypothesis testing revealed that farm size (r=0.232, p=0.011) and farming experience (r=0.180, p=0.049) were positively and significantly related to the extent of utilisation of leguminous crop wastes by farmers at 0.05 level of significance. It is concluded that farmers use leguminous crop wastes but do not maximise the full potential of these wastes as they only have the traditional knowledge of their usage. Suitable technologies on leguminous crop waste conversion should be made available to farmers at affordable rates to enhance adoption for better results.
How to Cite
Adeola, S.S. (2010). Economics of cowpea insecticide usage among farmers in Kaduna state, Nigeria (M.Sc thesis). Department of Agricultural Economics and Rural Sociology, Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria.
Adisa, R. S. (2009). Extension, production, and socio-economic factors influencing farm output of rice producers in the flood plains of Kogi state, Nigeria. Research on Crops, 10:1(171-178) .
Ahmadu, G.O.E. (2011). Socio-economic factors influencing the level of rural youth involvement in cassava production activities in Benue state (An M.Sc thesis). Department of Agricultural Economics and Rural Sociology, Faculty of Agriculture, Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria.
Chatterjee, R., Gajjela, S., & Thirumdasu R.K. (2017) Recycling of organic wastes for sustainable soil health and crop growth. International Journal of Waste Resources, 7, 296. https://doi.org/10.4172/2252-5211.1000296
Ekiti State Government. (2019). The official website of Ekiti state government. https://ekitistate.gov.ng/about-ekiti/overview/
Foresight. (2011). The future of food and farming (final project report). The Government Office for Science, London. https://www.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_data/file/288329/11-546-future-of-food-and-farming-report.pdf
Franke, Linus & Brand, G & Vanlauwe, Bernard & Giller, Ken. (2017). Sustainable intensification through rotations with grain legumes in Sub-Saharan Africa: A review. Agriculture Ecosystems & Environment, 261. http://doi.org/10.1016/j.agee.2017.09.029.
Graham, P.H. & Vance, C.P. (2003). Legumes: importance and constraints to greater use. Plant Physiology, 131, 872â€“877.
Gujarati, D. N. (2006). Basic Econometrics. New Delhi: Tata McGraw-Hill Publishing Company.
Hauggaard-Nielsen, H., Jornsgaard, B., Kinane, J. & Jensen, E.S. (2008). Grain legume-cereal intercropping: The practical application of diversity, competition and facilitation in arable and organic cropping systems. Renewable Agriculture and Food Systems, 23, 3-12. htttp://doi.org/10.1017/S1742170507002025.
Jensen, E.S., Peoples, M.B., Boddey, R.M., Gresshoff, P.M., Hauggaard-Nielsen, H., Alves, B.J.R. & Morrison, M.J. (2011). Legumes for mitigation of climate change and the provision of feedstock for biofuels and biorefineries. A review. Agronomy Sustainable Development, 32, 329â€“364.
National Bureau of Statistics, NBS, (2018). 2017 Demographic Statistics Bulletin. https://www.nigerianstat.gov.ng/download/775
Nweke, I. A. (2016). Influence of different leguminous crop on the ultisol that had been continuously cropped to cassava/maize for over six years. Journal of Soil Science and Environmental Management, 7(12), 222-229.
Obi, F. O., Ugwuishiwu, B. O., and Nwakaire, J. N. (2016). Agricultural waste concept, generation, utilisation and management. Nigerian Journal of Technology, 35(4), 957â€“964.
Olakojo, S. A. (2016). Gender gap in agricultural productivity in Nigeria: a commodity level analysis, Economics of Agriculture, 2(64), 415-435.
Olaleye, R.S., Umar, I.S. and Ndanitsa, M.A. (2009). Effect of dry season tomato farming on poverty alleviation among women farmers in Niger state, Nigeria. Journal of Agricultural Extension, 13(2), 1-11.
Pereira, Eduardo & Duval, Matias & Galantini, Juan. (2017). Decomposition from legume and nonlegume crop residues: Effects on soil organic carbon fractions under controlled conditions. Spanish Journal of Soil Science, 7(2), 86â€“96.
Singh, B.B., & Ajeigbe, H.A. (2006). Improved cowpea-cereals-based cropping systems for household food security and poverty reduction in West Africa. Journal of Crop Improvement, 19(1/2), 157-172.
Singh, B.B., Ajeigbe, H.A., Tarawali, S.A., Fernandez-Rivera, S., & Abubakar, M. (2003). Improving the production and utilisation of cowpea as food and fodder. Field Crops Research, 84, 169-177.
Smil, V. (2001). Enriching the Earth: Fritz Haber, Carl Bosch and the Transformation of World Food, MIT Press, Boston.
Sprent, J.I. (2009). Legume nodulation: A global perspective. Wiley-Blackwell, Chichester, UK.200 p. http://lira.pro.br/wordpress/wp-content/uploads/2012/09/chaer-et-al-2011.pdf
Stagnari, F., Maggio, A., Galieni, A. & Pisante, M. (2017). Multiple benefits of legumes for agriculture sustainability: an overview. Chemical and Biological Technologies in Agriculture, 4, 2. https://doi.org/10.1186/s40538-016-0085-1
Vance, Carroll & Graham, Peter & Allan, Deborah. (2002). Biological nitrogen fixation: Phosphorus - a critical future need? http;//doi.org/10.1007/0-306-47615-0_291.
Pedrosa, F.O., Hungria, M., Yates, M,G., & Newton, W.E. (Eds.). (2000) Nitrogen Fixation: from Molecules to Crop Productivity (pp. 506â€“514). Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dordrecht, the Netherlands.