Uncertainties in the Introduction of New Crops - a Case Study of Grape Cultivation in Karnataka
Keywords:Crop Diversification, Small Farmers, Uncertainties, National Horticulture Mission, Repetitive Exchanges
AbstractCrop diversification towards high value crops seems to be a solution for problems at two levels; at macro level, it helps to rejuvenate agriculture sector and at micro level, it augments the income of small farmers and generates employment. However, introducing new crop, particularly high value crops, involves several production and market related uncertainties. This study attempted to analyse these uncertainties at a micro level with special emphasis on small landholders in grape cultivation. Further, the study presents the mechanism adopted by the farmers to mitigate above-mentioned uncertainties, when it is left to them with the absence of an institutional mechanism to handle. A mechanism adopted by the farmers to mitigate these uncertainties was repetitive exchanges. The study reveals that farmers who engaged in repetitive exchange were exposed to lesser variability.
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