Analysis of Rural Women's Participation in Rice Production using Ordinal Logistic Regression Model


  • Almaz Giziew Adugna Assistance Professor at the Department of Rural development and Agricultural Extension, Bahir Dar University
  • Mekuria Yimer Gessesse MEDA, Rural Development Expert, Mennonite Economic Development Associate, Bahir Dar University



Women, Participation, Rice, Fogera District, Extension Service and Ordinal Logit Econometric Model.


This research was carried out in Fogera district, located in South Gondar Administrative zone, Ethiopia in 2014/2015 production year. In the area, rice is one of the means of livelihood. The objective of the research was to identify the determinants of the level of rural women participation in rice production. Among the 24 rice producing kebeles, four kebeles were selected following simple random sampling technique. Respondents were stratified into women in female and male headed households. Primary quantitative data was collected through household survey. The data were analysed using descriptive statistics such as mean Std. Dev, pair-wise ranking, percentage distribution, F-test and chi-square test. Women’s participation was analysed by participation index, and further was categorised into high, medium and low. The ordinal logistic regression model was used to estimate the effects of hypothesised explanatory variables. The results of the econometric model indicated women categorisation, farm size, on-farm income, offfarm income, farm nearness to development centre and rice production training. Based on the findings of the research, capacitating women through training and introduction of cost and burden of women reducing technologies are recommended.


Download data is not yet available.




How to Cite

Adugna, A. G., & Gessesse, M. Y. (2019). Analysis of Rural Women’s Participation in Rice Production using Ordinal Logistic Regression Model. Journal of Rural Development, 38(2), 234–265.


Agwu. N., Anyanwu.C.and Mendie.E (2012), "Socio-economic Determinants of Commercialization among Smallholder Farmers in Abia State," Nigeria, Greener. Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 2: 392-397.

Alemitu Mulugeta (2011), "Factors affecting Adoption of Improved Haricot Bean Varieties and Associated Agronomic Practices in Dale District," MSc Thesis, Hawassa University, Ethiopia.

Amir Khan Muhammad (2010), "Post-Harvest Losses of Rice," Trade Development Authority of Pakistan.

Astewul Takele (2010), "Analysis of Rice Profitability and Marketing Chain," MSc Thesis, Haramaya University, Ethiopia.

Beckman, T.N. and Forster, R.S. (1969), "Credit and Collection," Mcgrawn Hill

Biruhalem Kassa (2010), "Rice Value Chain in Metema District," MSc. Thesis, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia, 38 pp.

Cheater Angela (1981), "Women and their Participation in Commercial Agricultural Production," The Case of Medium−Scale Freehold in Zimbabwe, Development and Change, Sage Publ., London, 15 pp.

Chizari. M, Lider. James and Bashardoost. R (1997), "Participation of Rural Women in Rice Production Activities and Extension Education Programs," Journal of International Agricultural Extension Education, 20: 5-6.

Deribe Kaske (2007), "Agricultural Information Networks of Farm Women and Role of Agricultural Extension," MSc. Thesis, Haramaya University, Ethiopia, 54 pp.

Enete and E. M. lgbokwe (2009), "Kassava Market Participation Decisions of Producing Households in Africa," Journal of Tropicultura Africa sub-Saharan Nigeria, 3:129-136.

Gebey, T., Berhe, K., Hoekstra, D. and Alemu, B. (2012), "Rice Value Chain Development in Fogera District Based on the IPMS Experience," Nairobi, Kenya.

Gerd Holmboe-Ottesen, Ophelia Mascarenhas and Margareta Wandel (1989), "Women's Role in Food Chain Activities and the Implications for Nutrition," Nutrition Policy Discussion paper 4:17-26.

Fisseha Teshome (2009), "Problems and Prospects of Farmers Training Centres," MSc. Thesis, Haramaya University, Ethiopia.

Isaiah K. Okuthe. K. Isaiah (2014), The Influence of Institutional Factors on the Adoption of Integrated Natural Resource Management Technologies by Small Scale Farmers in South-western Kenya," Journal of Agricultural Sciences 6: 16-32.

MacCallum, R. C., Widaman, K. F., Preacher, K. J and Sehee Hong.S. (2001), "Sample Size in Factor Analysis," Multivariate Behavioral Research, Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, Inc. 612-614 pp.

Mann S. Prem (2010), "Introductory Statistics," Seventh Edition, John Wiley & Sons Inc., USA, 750p.

Martey E, Nimo. A., Prince. M. Etwire, Mathias Fosu, S. S. J. Buah, John Bidzakin, Benjamin D. K. Ahiabor and Francis Kusi (2014), Fertilizer Adoption and Use Intensity among Smallholder Farmers in Northern Ghana," Sustainable Agriculture Research, 24-36 p.

Rahmeto Negash (2007), Determinants of Adoption of Improved Haricot Bean Production Package in Alaba Woreda, MSc. Thesis, Haramaya University, Ethiopia.