Child Labour, Seasonal Migration and School Exclusion: A Sad Story of Tribal Girls in Rural India


  • Pankaj Das Assistant Professor in Sociology of Education, School of Education, Sharda University



Social Capital, Enculturation, Tribal Girls, School Exclusion, Seasonal Migration.


The present study explores school exclusion among the migrant tribal girls at the elementary education level in the selected tribal-dominated areas of Odisha, India. The major objective of the study is to examine how social capital theory explains the patterns of girls’ schooling among the seasonal migrants, which consequently leads to child labour and finally their premature withdrawal from school. In the given socio-cultural contexts, the impact of the process of enculturation on the schooling of girl children in rural India restricts their social mobility and equal opportunity. By using the theoretical framework of ‘social capital’, the study also explores the life experiences of tribal migrant girls to understand the phenomenon of school exclusion in Mayurbhanj district of Odisha.


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How to Cite

Das, P. (2021). Child Labour, Seasonal Migration and School Exclusion: A Sad Story of Tribal Girls in Rural India. Journal of Rural Development, 39(4), 504–518.

Author Biography

Pankaj Das, Assistant Professor in Sociology of Education, School of Education, Sharda University

Assistant Professor in Sociology of Education, School of Education, Sharda University


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