Education, Employment and Economy of Scheduled Tribes of North-East India: A Study of Manipur


  • Reimeingam Marchang Assistant Professor, Institute for Social and Economic Change (Under ICSSR, Delhi), Dr. VKRV Rao Road, Nagarabhavi PO, Bengaluru – 560072 (Karnataka)



Education, Employment, Economy, Scheduled Tribes, North-East, Manipur.


The paper analyses and discusses the interrelationship between education, employment and economy of Scheduled Tribes (STs) of North-Eastern Region (NER). The region’s educational level has rapidly improved despite its socio-economic underdevelopment. Improvement in education tends to change the structure of employment which subsequently alters the economic orientation and structure of STs. The paper attempts to establish the benefit of education for non-agricultural employment as well as economic status of STs, who mostly live in rural areas of the region, especially the State of Manipur. The study is based on both secondary and primary filed data. It includes a review of secondary literature related to the association between education, employment and economy emphasising on STs of the region. Further, to strengthen the literature the patterns, levels and trends of education, employment and economy are analysed and discussed descriptively based on secondary data. A comparison between STs and all-social groups is made to understand the social or economic deprivation or advancement. Primary field survey data are analysed and discussed to validate the changing situation of education and employment that affects the economy of STs. Data analysis results show that educational level has considerably improved; however, the level of higher educational attainment is still low for STs following the all-social groups. With the improvement in the quality of education, the avenues of employment have increasingly diversified orienting towards market economy. However, unfortunately, largely subsistence economy prevails rendering low income and standard of living.


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How to Cite

Marchang, R. (2020). Education, Employment and Economy of Scheduled Tribes of North-East India: A Study of Manipur. Journal of Rural Development, 39(1), 24–45.


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