An Empirical Analysis of Profitability of Rice Cultivation In Kuttanad Wetland System, Southern Kerala


  • Mohammed Kasim C. Assistant Professor, Department of Economics, Farook College, Kozhikode-673632, Kerala



Profitability, Rice Cultivation, Kuttanad Wetland System, Punja, Virippu


This paper aims to assess the profitability of rice cultivation and its determining factors in Kuttanad Wetland System situated in the southern part of Kerala. An analysis of the data collected from a sample of 172 farmers in the region revealed that the cost of rice cultivation in the region was higher, but the productivity was lower. As a result, the average per-acre revenue earned by farmers was just enough to cover the cost of cultivation without leasing and some normal profit. Although majority of farmers earned a profit, an assessment of the profitability of rice cultivation showed that per acre annual profit was only Rs. 15,205 due to single cropping, higher cost of production, lower productivity and absence of proper institutional intervention. The econometric analysis of the determinants of profitability reveals that land size, machinery cost, pesticide cost and age of farmer have a significant positive impact on profitability. In contrast, leased-in land, labour and fertiliser costs have a significant negative impact. The study suggests strengthening institutional support to farmers to promote rice cultivation in the region


Download data is not yet available.



How to Cite

Kasim C., M. (2021). An Empirical Analysis of Profitability of Rice Cultivation In Kuttanad Wetland System, Southern Kerala. Journal of Rural Development, 40(5), 634–649.


Kerala (India), & Kuttanad Enquiry Commission. (1972). Report of the Kuttanad Enquiry Commission, November 1971. Government Press.

Government of Kerala. (1978). The Report on Comprehensive Development of Kuttanad.

Gujarathi, D. & Sangeetha, N. (2007). Basic Econometrics (4th ed.). New Delhi: McGraw Hill.

Kannan, K. P., & Pushpangadan, K. (1988). Agricultural Stagnation in Kerala - An Exploratory Analysis. Economic and Political Weekly, 23(39) A120-A128.

M. S. Swaminathan Research Foundation (2007). Measures to Mitigate Agrarian Distress in Alappuzha and Kuttanad Wetland Ecosystem. A Study Report, M.S.S.R.F, Chennai.

Oommen, M. A. (1993). Essays on Kerala Economy. Oxford and India Book House, New Delhi.

Tharamangalam, Joseph. (1981). Agrarian Class Conflict: The Political Mobilization of Agricultural Labourers in Kuttanad, South India. University of British Columbia Press, Canada.

Thomas, P. M. (2002). Problems and Prospects of Paddy Cultivation in Kuttanad Region: A Case Study of Ramankari Village in Kuttanad Taluk (Draft Report),. Kerala Research Programme on Local Level Development (KRPLLD), Thiruvananthapuram.