Impact Analysis of Rural Interventions by SKDRDP: A Case of Kisan Melas
Keywords:Krishi Mela, Kisan Mela, Agri-Fair, Rural Development, SKDRDP, Rural Empowerment.
AbstractIn recent decades, non-government organisations (NGOs) increasingly play multiple roles effectively while acting as the bridge between the government organisations (GOs) and the grassroots population. Hence, the government is increasingly relying on these organisations in reaching many of the rural development schemes and fi nancial inclusion drive at the village level. Shri Kshetra Dharmasthala Rural Development Project (SKDRDP) is one such leading NGO which strives towards transforming the lives of rural people through several rural intervention programmes. One of the several rural intervention programmes of SKDRDP to attain collective sustainable rural development is Krishi Melas (Kisan Melas/agricultural fairs). SKDRDP organises Krishi Melas since 1984 at different levels and intervenes in the lives of farmers and rural people with the objective of inclusive and balanced rural development. The present research attempted to study SKDRDP Krishi Mela Model, strategic perspectives of various activities under Krishi Melas, the mechanism of executing the events and more signifi cantly the extent to which Krishi Melas have impacted the rural community. The study has procured data from secondary and primary sources. The study is exploratory and empirical in nature. While analysing the primary data, Exploratory Factor Analysis (EFA) and Confirmatory Factor Analysis (CFA) are used. The model extracted from this exercise reveals that Krishi Mela interventions have a signifi cant impact on the empowerment of rural people, agricultural development, financial and economic well-being, and also immensely contribute to building social capital. The results of the study have significant implications for the organisation and policymakers.
How to Cite
Akshatha, B.G and Akash, S.B (2014), "Evaluating the Relevance of ShriKshethra Dharmasthala Gramabhivruddhi Yojana in Rural Upliftment (A Case Study of Shivamogga District)", Integral Review - A Journal of Management, 7 (2): pp.32-46.
Belli, S. Eswar Kumar and Raghvendra, T.S. (2014), "Role of Shri Kshetra Dharmasthala Rural Development Project (SKDRDP) in Micro Finance Through SHGs - A Study in Shimoga District of Karnataka", IOSR Journal of Economics and Finance, 3(2): pp.53-59.
Bentler, P.M (1990), "Comparative Fit Indexes in Structural Models", Psychological Bulletin, 107: pp.238-246.
Browne, M.W and Cudeck, R (1993), "Alternative Ways of Assessing Model Fit" in "Testing Structural Equation Models", Edited by Bollen, K.A. and Long, J.S, Sage, Newbury Park, CA, pp.136-162.
Cronbach, L. J (1970), "Essentials of Psychological Testing", Harper & Row, New York.
Dâ€™Souza. Sunil, Chidananda. H. L, Udayachandra. P.N and Devaraja.T.S (2013), "BC Model for Inclusive Growth - Study on Performance of SKDRDP, International Journal of Social Science & Interdisciplinary Research, 1(10): pp.254-262.
Government of India (2011), "Population Census", Office of the Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India Ministry of Home Aff airs, http://censusindia.gov.in/
Government of India (2016), Written Statement Issued by the Government of India in the Parliament on May 10.http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/city/delhi/Big-gap-in-per-capita-income-in-urban-and-rural-areas/articleshow/52207415.cms
Honnappa, S and Basupattad, Vinod (2016), "Financial inclusion through SHG-BLP: A Study of SKDRDP SHGs in Selected Districts in Hubli Region", International Journal of Commerce and Management Research, 2(9): pp.104-109.
Hu, L. T and Bentler, P. M (1995), "Evaluating Model Fit" in "Structural Equation Modeling: Concepts, Issues, and Applications", Edited by R. H. Hoyle, Sage, London, pp. 76-99.
Hu, L., & Bentler, P. M (2009), "Cut-off criteria for Fit Indexes in Covariance Structure Analysis: Conventional criteria versus new alternatives", Structural Equation Modeling, http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/10705519909540118
India Microfi nance (2015), "Report on Microfi nance", by Association of Community Development Finance Institutions and NABARD, http://indiamicrofi nance.com
Jackson, L. Dennis, J. Arthur Gillaspy, Jr. and Rebecca Purc-Stephenson (2009), "Reporting Practices in Confi rmatory Factor Analysis: An Overview and Some Recommendations", Psychological Methods, 14(1): pp.6-23.
JÃ¶reskog, K.G and SÃ¶rbom, D (1996), "LISREL 8 Userâ€™s reference guide", Scientifi c Software, Chicago, https://books.google.co.in/books? id=9ACs50RjacC&printsec=frontcover&redir_esc=y#v=onepage&q&f=false
Joshi, G.V (2012), "Management and Leadership in Rural Development: The Case of SKDRDP", NITTE Management Review, pp.51-72.
Kaiser, H.F (1970), "A Second Generation Little Jiffy", Psychometrika, 35: pp. 401-416.
Kline, R. B (2016), "Principles and Practice of Structural Equation Modelling (4th ed.)", Guilford Press, New York.
Priyakumari, S.V. (2015), "A Comparative Study of SHG Organised and Promoted by SKDRDP and Kudumbashree in Dakshina Kannada District and Kollam District, Towards Empowerment of Rural Women", A Minor Research Project Submitted to UGC, http://www.sdmcujire.in/userfiles/MRP/MRP_priya%20kumari.pdf
Shetty, Niranjan and Pinto, Prakash (2015), "Financial Inclusion through SHG-BLP: A Case Study of SKDRDP and NGVCT in India", World Review of Business Research, 5(3): pp. 91-107.
Shylendra H.S., Mukul Kumar and Girish Agrawal (2012), "Enabling Models of Microfinance and Building Social Capital", A Report Submitted to INAFI-India by Institute of Rural Management Anand (IRMA).
SKDRDP (2002), "Participatory Rural Development & SKDRDP", Newsletter.
SKDRDP (2013), Annual Report, 2012-13.
SKDRDP, (2014), Annual Report, 2013-14.
SKDRDP (2015), Annual Report, 2014-15.
SKDRDP (2016), Annual Report, 2015-16.
SKDRDP (2017), Report covering data up to November 30, 2016.
SKDRDP (2017), Newsletter, May, https://skdrdpindia.org/blogs/news-letter/
Steiger, J.H and Lind, J.C (1980), "Statistically-based tests for the Number of Common Factors", Paper Presented at the Annual Spring Meeting of the Psychometric Society, Iowa City, May 30.
Tucker, L.R and Lewis, C (1973), "A Reliability Coeffi cient for Maximum Likelihood Factor Analysis", Psychometrika, 38: pp.1-10
Ullman, J. B (2001), "Structural Equation Modelling" in "Using Multivariate Statistics (4th ed.)", Edited by B. G. Tabachnick and L. S. Fidell, Needham Heights, MA: Allyn and Bacon, pp. 653-771.