A Study on the Livelihood Assets and Income of the Plantation-Based Rehabilitated Jhumias of Tripura
Keywords:Tribes, State Role, Livelihood Approach.
The indigenous tribes of Tripura predominantly practised shifting cultivation. However, efforts at weaning them away have been done through several developmental interventions including plantation-based rehabilitation models. The present paper attempts to examine the status of income and livelihood capital endowments among four different types (rubber, tea, horticulture & multi-croppers) of plantation-based rehabilitated beneficiaries. Using primary survey data from five districts of Tripura, it is seen that multi-croppers and rubber farmers are better placed in terms of income accruals. However, horticulturists are better endowed than rubber growers in terms of livelihood assets. The tea-based rehabilitated beneficiaries are at the bottom in terms of both income as well as livelihood assets.
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